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haggai 2 commentary

There would hardly have been any point in a question framed just like this, if indeed there were none who could remember the former temple of Solomon. When the beast, and the dragon, and the false prophet shall gather all "the kings of the earth unto the war of the great God almighty" (Revelation 16:15. Haggai 2:7. . "In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet, saying. for I am with you--The greatest strength is to have Jehovah with us as our strength. It is no embarrassment at all to us that many of the current liberal interpreters do indeed deny this. Haggai 2:7 It is with great reluctance that we refrain from capitalizing the word “desire” here, thus making the phrase point directly to the Messiah, as has been the accepted interpretation through many centuries until modern times. Haggai 2:18. The second, "the shaking of all nations" is the kind of upheaval among governments and societies that some suppose is meant by the first series of expressions. The whole nation was defiled through their long neglect of sacred duty and the two generations of contact with Babylonian paganism. "[1], "Speak now to Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the High Priest, and to the remnant of the people, saying, Who is left among you that saw this house in its former glory? "[12], "The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, saith Jehovah of hosts; and in this place will I give peace, saith Jehovah of hosts.". As Hailey noted, "The Lord never had but one house in Jerusalem." This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. In this passage, we have discussed Haggai 2:13 before Haggai 2:12, because the priests' answer regarding Haggai 2:13 reveals the reason for their answer concerning Haggai 2:12. An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate the total period of human probation. Haggai 2:14. 2. Does not this indicate that all of Haggai's prophecy is to take place at some near date in the future from the time he wrote? Christ is the "signet" on God's hand: always in the Father's presence, ever pleasing in his sight. Now, with reference to whether or not Haggai fully understood all the Lord said through him, we may freely concede that he most probably did not, but as we have repeatedly observed, the subjective imaginations and guesses by scholars trying to figure out what they suppose Haggai thought he was saying are absolutely irrelevant. God will shake the heavens and the earth and overthrow all the kingdoms of men, "every one by the sword of his brother." "Peace ..." The RSV and other versions have rendered this word "prosperity" for no compelling reason; and again we are compelled to find fault with this type of tampering with the Word of God. The priests were the authorized expounders of the law ( Leviticus 10:11 , Deuteronomy 33:10 , Ezekiel 44:23 , Malachi 2:7 ). Haggai 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of each biblical book, along with background material. There is scarcely a prophecy of Messiah in the Old Testament which does not, to some extent at least, refer to His second coming [SIR ISAAC NEWTON]. Yes, the altar they had erected upon the original site, in conformity to God's law, was "holy", but the sinful nation (continuing in their neglect of sacred duty) were unholy still, and, therefore, the very sacrifices they offered were themselves unholy through contamination by contact with the sinful nation. The Judgment shall come; God shall shake the heavens and the earth and the kingdoms of men (signifying their removal); and the Second House shall be greater than the First, because from it there will come salvation to God's people, something that never came out of the First one. 2 On the twenty-first day of the seventh month, the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai: 2 “Speak to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, to the high priest Joshua son of Jehozadak, and to the remnant of the people: 3 ‘Who is left among you who saw this house in its former glory? "[6] Such monies were not available to Zerubbabel. And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean.". ninth month--three days more than two months from the second prophecy ( Haggai 2:1 ); in the month Chisleu, the lunar one about the time of our December. Masoretic Text: And Haggai answered and said, So [is] this people, and so [is] this nation before my face, [is the] announcement of YHWH, and so [is] all the work of their hands, and what they bring near [to offer] there—it [is] unclean. Haggai 2:10-19 . The ancient covenant that God made with Abraham, promising to bless "all the people of the earth" through his "seed" (singular, which is Christ), will yet be honored by the Father. We do not need to suppose for a moment that Haggai grasped the full import of God's Word which came through him. Jesus Christ is the desire of all nations; people are yearning for Him, longing for Him, even though they do not know it. Of particular interest in Haggai's use of "little while" in Haggai 2:6 to describe the entire history of God's dealings with humanity until the end of time, corresponding exactly with the apostle John's use of "little time" to describe the period of human probation ending in the final judgment (Revelation 6:11), and "short time" to describe the period of Satan's operations against mankind (Revelation 12:12). At first, a remnant of the people obeyed; and they even erected an altar to God on the ancient site in Jerusalem; but then their zeal faded, and for half a lifetime the old Temple continued to lie in ruins. (2) Israel, in the sense of the whole nation, "was utterly unclean (as in Haggai 2:13) on account of its neglect of the house of the Lord, like a man who has become unclean through touching a corpse. "Through all that time, when one came to a heap of twenty measures, there were but ten; when one came to the winevat to draw out fifty vessels, there were but twenty.". 12. Some have interpreted the passage to mean that God would topple powers, governments, institutions, and social systems; but that is what he promised to do in Haggai 2:7 (the very next verse), where he declared, "And I will shake all nations!" 20. the month--the ninth in the second year of Darius. The previous shaking shall cause the yearning "desire" for the Prince of peace. How will God destroy the nations of men? However, true as these observations are believed to be, there is a far greater fulfillment of this passage yet future, as humanity approaches the end of their probation, as wickedness waxes worse and worse, as human states tend more and more to deify humanity and to reject the knowledge of God altogether, in the end times, all the nations of men will be overthrown in one cataclysmic occurrence. Regarding this date, Dean wrote, "The ninth month is Chisleu, answering to parts of November and December. so--or, "and." Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts, Once more, in a short time it comes to pass, I shake heaven and earth, and the sea, and the dry. Proud member 3. Who is left . This all applies to them as they had been, not as they are now that they have begun to obey; the design is to guard them against falling back again. (After construction had promptly begun and the outline of the new Temple began to appear.) The heavenly Jerusalem shall be similarly adorned, but shall need "no temple" ( Revelation 21:10-22 ). And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. The only "glory" that mattered, and the only glory that had any permanent value was that of God Himself. Any true understanding of God's unwavering and continued mercies to Israel must take such things into account. when one came to an heap of twenty measures--that is to a heap which he had expected would be one of twenty measures, there were but ten. That exile began in 587 B.C. Godless Russia, possessing three fifths of the resources of the whole world today and unable to feed its population is a classical and current example. Why had not God blessed them? The early patriarchs, Job ( Job 19:25-27 , 33:23-26 ) and Abraham ( John 8:56 ), desired Him. New American Standard Version. even from the day that the foundation of . . Even including the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree, it has not borne fruit. Then Haggai said, "If one who is unclean from a corpse touches any of these, will the latter become unclean?" So the paths to sin are manifold: the paths to holiness one, and that one of difficult access [GROTIUS]. "The precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory ..." To limit this to the Final Judgment would apply the words to the Holy City coming down out of heaven into which the kings of the earth shall bring their treasure (Revelation 21:21). All rights reserved. True, there had been a gross misunderstanding on secular Israel's part about what God's blessing meant, most of them interpreting it to mean that God would help them subdue all earthly enemies and incorporate the defeated nations into Israel's "godless state" or "kingdom," which was a concept foreign to God altogether. "Is it not in your eyes as nothing ...?" His four addresses to the people make up the book that bears his name in the Bible. The fusion of the gospel age and the Judgment is common in Biblical prophecy. The Hebrew word here is "Shalom. It has been already sown this month, and there are no more signs of its bearing a good crop, much less of its being safely stored in the barn, than there were in the past season, when there was such a failure; yet I promise to you from this day (emphatically marking by the repetition the connection of the blessing with the day of their obedience) a blessing in an abundant harvest. Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. (Romans 8:31). God's salvation always means salvation from that final wrath, the survival of the redeemed through the event of that terminal catastrophe, and their endowment with eternal life and glory; hence the dramatic reference to the Judgment here. 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on Haggai 2020 Edition 561-60 Release of exiled king Jehoiachin We may trust God's promise to bless us, though we see no visible sign of its fulfilment ( Habakkuk 2:3 ). But what is implied is not that the nations definitely desired Him, but that He was the only one to satisfy the yearning desires which all felt unconsciously for a Saviour, shown in their painful rites and bloody sacrifices. Haggai 2:1 "In the seventh [month], in the one and twentieth [day] of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying," “Seventh month … one and twentieth day”: This day in the month of Tishri (corresponds to October 17, 520 B.C. The "good tidings of great joy" were "to all people" ( Luke 2:10 ). fill this house with glory--( Haggai 2:9 ). The connection of it with Messiah more than counterbalanced all these; for He is the antitype to all the five ( Haggai 2:9 ). Thus it will be made evident that the blessing is due to Me, not to nature. Footnotes. "The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith Jehovah of hosts.". As "Shiloh" ( Genesis 49:10 ) means peace, this verse confirms the view that Haggai 2:7 , "the desire of all nations," refers to Shiloh or Messiah, foretold in Genesis 49:10 . ( Ezra 3:10 Ezra 3:11 ); the foundation now laid was the secondary one, which, above the earth, was laid on the previous work [TIRINUS]. (1-9) Their sins hindered the work. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. greater than of the former--namely, through the presence of Messiah, in (whose) face is given the light of the knowledge of the glory of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ; compare Hebrews 1:2 ), and who said of Himself, "in thi s place is one greater than the temple" ( Matthew 12:6 ), and who "sat daily teaching in it" ( Matthew 26:55 ). Haggai 2:7. CICERO records at the time of Christ the silencing of the heathen oracles; and DIO, the fall of the idols in the Roman capitol. yea, the vine, and the fig-tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive-tree have not brought forth; from this day will I bless you. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. Any strict execution of the justice of God would apparently have required all of the Jewish Canaanites to be destroyed in the same manner as the original Canaanites. Of course, Zerubbabel was an excellent type of Christ. Haggai 2. "Six hundred talents of gold ($10,000,000.00) were used in overlaying the Holy of Holies alone. Zerubbabel's significance lies in the fact of his being the only visible heir and successor to David that was known in that age; and the inclusion of the Babylonian governor of Israel in the prophecy meant that God's ancient promise to David of one to sit upon his throne was yet valid, that it still stood, and that "in that day" the new Zerubbabel would appear. First, if a man carries holy meat (meat offered in a sacrifice) in the fold of his garment and touches bread (or other food) with this garment, will that food become holy? is it not in your eyes as nothing?". We have already seen that the true meaning of all that Haggai said was that the glory of Christianity should far outshine the glory of Judaism. Haggai 2 Commentary Rosscup : This work came out in 1856. This mention of Zerubbabel is not a mistaken identification of Zerubbabel as the Messiah; but it is a prophecy of Christ, of whom Zerubabbel was a type. (10-19) The kingdom of Christ foretold. Salem Media Group. "And I will shake all nations ..." This beginning of Haggai 2:7 is not necessarily to be understood as a part of the prophecy of the Last Day, although, of course, the nations of men will indeed be "shaken up" by the events of that terminal Assize, when "all the tribes of the earth shall mourn over Him ... and cry for the rocks and the mountains to hide them." In practically all of the prophets, even in the Christ himself, this mingling of the twin themes of Judgment and Salvation is a recurring phenomenon. "[26] God surely had intervened in human affairs by the summary end which he had brought to the Babylonian captivity of the Jews; and the prophet here made such an intervention by God upon behalf of his people a prophecy of a far greater shaking of the "heavens and the earth" to occur in the dispensation of the "last times." And now, I pray you, consider from this day and backward, before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of Jehovah.". Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. We hold that the words were not Haggai's at all, but God's; and as Peter indicated (1 Peter 1:10-12), students in the present dispensation have a far better opportunity to understand what God wrote through that prophet than he did. 2 In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the Lord by the prophet Haggai, saying, 2 Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying, War chariots are to give place to His reign of peace ( Micah 5:10 , Zechariah 9:10 ). Psalms 68:8 mentions the heavens dropping near the mountain (Sinai); but Haggai speaks of the whole created heavens: "Wait only a little while, though the promised event is not apparent yet; for soon will God change things for the better: do not stop short with these preludes and fix your eyes on the present state of the temple [CALVIN]. The expression, "in that day," practically always a reference to the "last times," makes it impossible to refer the words here to the Zerubbabel known to Haggai. To make this read "prosperity" is ridiculous, for the present-day meaning of "prosperity" leaves out of sight all the higher significance of the passage. As Deane put it, "The true Zerubbabel, Christ, the son and antitype of Zerubbabel, is the signet in the hand of the Father. Is the seed yet in the barn?--implying, It is not. Compare "(let him come) unto Me!" A note in the Douay Version states: "This promise relates to Christ who was of the race of Zerubbabel. Jump to: The continuity of the prophecies of the Messiah, reaching all the way back to Genesis 3:15 demanded the continuity of Israel. Since those days were--from the time that those days of your neglect of the temple work have been. Although the disastrous conditions had continued right up until the very day the foundation of the temple was laid, and despite there hardly being enough seed in the granaries to sow the fields, Haggai will now pronounce an astounding blessing upon the people. Commentary for Haggai 2 . There has hardly been a generation of men upon the earth that did not witness the rise and fall of human kingdoms; and according to Christ this is a situation that will not change (Matthew 24:6-9). The destruction of the world kingdoms, and the arising of another Zerubbabel (Christ in the dispensation of the New Israel) are both presented here. Not in man's "might," but in that of God's Spirit ( Zechariah 4:6 ). The vain and ruthless perpetrators of the French Revolution imagined that they were building for all time, even changing the names of the calendar months, and dating history from their godless revolution. Get busy! Paul condenses together the two verses of Haggai ( Haggai 2:6 Haggai 2:7, and Haggai 2:21 Haggai 2:22), implying that it was one and the same shaking, of which the former verses of Haggai denote the beginning, the latter the end. Being worn on the finger, it was an object of constant regard. This is the reply: The Jews had been led to fear that these convulsions would destroy their national existence. "Consider, I pray you, from this day and backward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, since the day that the foundation of Jehovah's temple was laid, consider it.". Marked the giving of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ the remnant... Specify exactly what had been led to fear that these convulsions would destroy their national existence two of... This seventh month was Teshri, the New covenant in Christ Jesus that provides the complete fulfillment of first... Jews before the destruction of Jerusalem all expected Messiah would appear in barn... 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